Consolidating democratic transitions
The Republic of Korea (ROK) or South Korea today is a vibrant democracy, a republic with powers shared between the executive, the legislature, and the judiciary.
A cease-fire in the Korean War was signed on 27 July 1953.
Despite this, the country still received funds, subsidies, and aid from the USSR (and the Eastern Bloc) until the latter's collapse in 1991.
The resulting loss of economic aid increased the North's slide into isolation and poverty.
UNDP also supported Peru’s Truth and Reconciliation Commission 15 years ago to investigate violence and abuse during the two decades of conflict.
Guatemalan women won an important role in the peace process, by creating a vision of an inclusive state.
By the 1960s and 1970s, North Korea enjoyed a relatively high standard of living, outperforming the South, which was riddled with political instability and economic crises.